If you read page 261 of â€œRich Dadâ€™s Guide To Investingâ€, Robert Kiyosaki has this to say:
â€œOne of my greatest teachers was Dr. Buckminster Fuller.Â Dr. Fuller set out years ago to find what he called â€œthe building blocks of the universeâ€. In his search, he found out that squares and cubes do not exist in nature.
He would say, â€œTetrahedrons are the basic building blocks of natureâ€. Â When I look at the great pyramids of Egypt, I understand a little more about what Dr. Fuller was talking about.Â While tall skyscrapers come and go, those pyramids have withstood the test of tens of centuries.Â While a skyscraper can come down with a few well-placed sticks of dynamite, the pyramids would not budge with the same blast.
In the book, â€œThe Millionairesâ€™ Club:How To Start & Run Your Investment Club And Make Your Money Growâ€ by Carolyn M. Brown, the pyramid was depicted as a means of balancing portfolio. The author posits that, â€œOne technique used to help spread the risk is the pyramid model. The pyramid is built on the idea that an investment portfolio should have the right balance of safe, income and growth investment.Â The higher up the pyramid, the more risky it becomesâ€.
In that book, he identifies 6 basic tiers of the pyramid:
1st Tier: (Base): This is the foundation of your portfolio which is designed for capital preservation.Â Investments here are lowest-risk, lowest-return types such as Certificates of Deposit (CDs), Treasury Securities (bills, notes, and bonds), US Savings bonds, and FDIC-insured bank accounts (checking and savings). Here cash is readily available to meet urgent needs.
2nd Tier: Low risk, low-return investments include money market accounts, bonds, mutual funds, high grade corporate bonds, and high quality municipal bonds.
3rd Tier: Relatively, low-risk investments. This includes high quality convertible bonds. These pay fixed rate of interest, but can be swapped for shares of common stock others include balanced mutual funds (stocks bonds) and preferred stocks.
4th Tier: Intermediate-risk. These include quality growth stocks or mutual funds and large cap stocks (blue chip common stock).
5th Tier: High/Medium Risk types of investments.Â They include midcap mutual funds or stocks (companies of $1-$5 Billion market capitalization), real estate investment properties, puts and call, speculative common stocks and bonds (eg, junk bonds), collectibles (autographed baseball cards, rare coins, historical mementoes).
6thÂ Tier: Experienced Investors Level.Â Here speculation is a basic and risk is high.Â These include futures/commodities, options, gold, silver and precious metals.